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Churches and Synagogues7.

 

 
 
ST.ANTOINE CHURCH (CATHOLIC)

The Church was built between 1906-1912. Designed by the Istanbul-born architect Gulio Mongeri (1875-1953), this church and apartments are among the city’s most successful applications of Italian neo-gothic style architecture.
Opening hours 09.00-17.00
 
HAGIA EIRENE CHURCH

This church was built by Constantine I between 324-327 over the ruins of a Roman temple and it was the site of the first museum in Turkey. After the conquest, it was used as the building to preserve and to exhibit all the arms and weapons as well as the old artworks captured by the Ottomans during the wars. The Church is used as a concert hall today.
 
GREEK ORTHODOX PATRIARCHATE

The Patriarchate moved thrice from place to place after Turkish conquest in 1453 to finally arrive at its current location in 1601. Despite the fact that this is the center of Greek Orthodoxy, the Patriarch is only the leader of the congregation in Istanbul and the surrounding area. The structure was damaged by fire in 1941.The necessary restoration was undertaken during 1980’s. Dating back to the1700’s, the basilica-type Church of St. George stands in the middle of the Patriarchate grounds.
The Patriarchate has continued to conduct its activities from this building following its restoration in 1991.
Opening hours 09.00-17.00
 
CHURCH OF ST.MARY OF THE MONGOLS

Church of Panaghia Muhliotissa is also known as the ‘Church of the Mongols’.The Byzantine Princess Maria Paleologino who had married the Mongol khan, Abaka Khan and lived in this land for 15 years returned to Constantinople after her husband was murdered. Then she built this church and lived there as a nun for the rest of her life. This church has continued to function as a house of worship for Greek Orthodoxy ever since the Byzantine era as a result of the decree issued by Sultan Mehmet the conqueror who also prevented the conversion of the church into mosque.
Opening hours09.00-17.00
 
CHURCH OF ST. STEPHEN OF THE BULGARS

This neo-gothic style church was cast in iron. The Bulgarian minority in Istanbul commissioned the Armenian architect Hovsep Aznavur to build it after they were separated from the Fener Greek Patriarchate. The installation of an iron framework was considered necessary because of the unstable earth along the shores of the Golden Horn. An Austrian company prefabricated all of the iron sections in Vienna and these were shipped to the present location in 1896.
Opening hours 09.00-16.00
 
HAGIA TRIADA

Built as a late-Byzantine style Greek-Orthodox church in1882, it is a large, splendid church used by the city’s Turkish-Greek congregation.
Opening hours 09.00-17.00
 
NEVE SALOM SYNAGOGUE

This synagogue was opened in 1951 and its name means “Peace Oasis”. It is still the most modern and magnificent synagogue of Istanbul.
 
AHRIDA SYNAGOGUE

This synagogue was built by immigrants from Ahri borough in 15th century and is in Balat. The prayer desk of the Synagogue resembles to Noah’s ship. Some people compare it to Ottoman galleys that carried Sefarad immigrants to the Ottoman piers from Spain.
 
ITALIAN SYNAGOGUE

This synagogue has started serving Italian and Austrian nationality holding Hebrews in 1886.It is in Galata.
 
ASKENAZI SYNAGOGUE

This Synagogue was built by Askenaz people of Austrian origin and is located in Galata.
 
ETZ AHAYIM SYNAGOGUE

Ortakoy where Jewish people have settled after the great bedesten fire in 1618 is a very good model of religious harmony having mosque, synagogue and church located at a triangular area. This synagogue dates back to 17th century. It was destroyed in the fire of 1941.
 
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