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Mosquesu

 

BLUE MOSQUE

Built by Sultan Ahmet I during 1609-1616, this is the only mosque in Istanbul with 6 minarets. It is known as ‘Blue Mosque’ because of the dominant color of more than 20.000 Iznik tiles decorating the spacious interior. Masterpieces of the period as the pulpit, sultan’s lodge and muezzin gallery are all worth seeing. Rugs, carpets , stained glass windows, colored stones, engravings, ostrich eggs hung from the dome and the chandeliers all add splendor to the Mosque.
 
SULEYMANIYE MOSQUE

Istanbul’s largest mosque has not only been the pride of Mimar Sinan, famous Turkish architect, but also a landmark that perfectly reflects the fame and glory of its founder, Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. It was constructed between the years 1550-57. The Mosque was a part of the largest complex of the Ottoman period and was surrounded by tombs, theology schools, hospice, caravanserai, hospital, bath and stable. It was in the garden of the complex where Suleyman and his wife, Hurrem Sultan, had the mausoleums built.
 
BEYAZIT MOSQUE

Beyazit II built this mosque over Tauri Forum, the city’s largest square in the Byzantine period in 1505. It is one of the finest and the most significant monuments of Turkish architecture from the Ottoman period. Beyazit Mosque was very badly affected by earthquake in 1509 and subsequent major fires and it was restored by Mimar Sinan in 1573.
 
EYUP SULTAN MOSQUE

This mosque was the first imperial mosque after the conquest. Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror had a mosque, school of theology, hospice and a bath built around the Tomb of Eyup Sultan in 1459, thus forming an early Ottoman complex. The Mosque had suffered heavy damage during the earthquake of 1766. It was rebuilt in 1798 by Selim III.
 
FATİH MOSQUE

This mosque was constructed by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, the conqueror of Istanbul between 1462-1470 and it is the site of his mausoleum.
 
SOKULLU MEHMET PASHA MOSQUE

Selim III’s daughter Esmehan Sultan had Mimar Sinan built this mosque in 1671 in memory of her husband, Vizier Mehmet Pasha. It has the most beautiful tiles of the period .
 
ARAB MOSQUE

The structure was a church which was built in the 13th century by the Latinos on top of some Byzantine ruins. During that time, Galata district was controlled by Genoa. Named as the ‘Church of San Paolo e San Dominic’, it was converted into the Galata Mosque after the conquest. It took its name from the fact that the Arabs settled in the neighborhood around the mosque toward the end of 15th century.
 
RUSTEM PASHA MOSQUE

This mosque is the most ornamented of all Ottoman mosques. The grand vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent , Sultan Rustem Pasha commissioned Mimar Sinan to build this mosque in 1561.
 
GUL MOSQUE

Being the most splendid of the churches converted into mosque during the sultanate of Selim II, the church of St. Theodosia was dedicated to St. Eufemia in the 10th century. The mosque was renamed as Gul (Rose) Mosque since it was bedecked with many roses on the day of the Turkish conquest which also coincided with the ‘Day of Lent of St. Theodosia’. Although the mosque was renovated several times during the Ottoman period, its original appearance has been remarkably preserved.
 
SMALL HAGIA SOPHIA (SS SEGIUS AND BACCHUS CHURCH)

Built by Emperor Justinian I in the 530’s, this church was converted into a mosque and named as the Small Haghia Sophia during the period of Bayezid II. It is one of the most beautiful monuments of the Christian period having a central plan with surrounding corridors and galleries.
 
TULIP MOSQUE

This baroque style mosque was constructed by the architect Mehmed Tahir Aga between 1760-1763 during the reign of Mustafa III.
 
BODRUM MOSQUE (MONASTERY OF MYRELAION CHURCH)

This Mosque was the Myrelaion Church Monastery established by Roman Lecapenos I (920-944). It was converted into a mosque by Mesih Ali Pasha during the period of Bayezid II. It is called Bodrum (basement) Mosque because there is a large cistern beneath. It was heavily damaged by fires and remained so for years. It was restored in 1986.
 
PRINCE’S MOSQUE

The mosque of the Crown Princess was the first monumental complex built by Mimar Sinan. It was built in the honor of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificient’s son Mehmed who had died very young. It was completed in 1548.
 
FENARI ISA MOSQUE (CHURCH OF CONSTANTINE LIPS)

Emperor Constantine Lips built this church in 907 as the church of a monastery. A grave chapel was added in the 13th century to the south by Empress Theodora Palaeologus for her dynasty. The additional l-shaped building that surrounds the west and the south part of the church dates back to 14th century. It was converted into a masjid in the late 15th century whereas the monastery cells were converted into cells for the dervishes in the late 17th century.
 
ZEYREK CHURCH MOSQUE

This was once the church of the Pantocrator monastery, one of the largest and the most important monasteries of the city in 12th and 13th centuries. Today, it is used as a mosque.
Eirene, the daughter of Hungarian King Laszio and the first wife
 
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